Women & Politics

A collection of resources on women and politics.

Women in National Parliaments

Database by the Inter-Parliamentary Union collecting numbers on women in national and regional parliaments. Archives for women in national parliaments go back to January 1997. Also includes world and regional averages on women in parliaments.

The IPU website on women in politics also offers more general resources on the work of the IPU as well as:

  1. a bibliographic database on women in politics
  2. a list of women presiding officers of parliament
  3. World chronology of  women’s suffrage
  4. information on women politicians in the media
  5. information on instrucemtns of international law
  6. List of useful links to websites concerned with women and gender equality listed by region.

Quota Project

A global database on electoral quotas for women. Country specific data on voluntary party quotas, legislative candidate quotas, and reserved seats.

Women’s Leadership Fact Sheet – Women Heads of State 

List of female presidents and prime ministers in office, women royal leaders, and appointed women governors (last update: 10/2011)

Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership

Provides list of women in leadership positions by country and throughout time. Additional information available on:

  1. Women State leaders
  2. Women Party Leaders
  3. Women Leaders currently in office
  4. Women Ministers and Heads of Governments
  5. Women Chairs of Parliaments and parliament presidiums
  6. Women Local Leaders
  7. Women Presidential Candidates
  8. Women Ambassadors
  9. Women Clergy and Ecclesiastical Territories
  10. Women Leaders in Denmark
  11. Women Police and Military Chefs

POWER – Political Women and Executive Power

International research network on women in the Executive Branch. Provides overview of key publications as well as bibliography on women in the Executive.

Women in Government (1996 Factsheet)

Published by Women Watch, includes ministerial and subministerial data on countries worldwide.

Database on Women’s Caucasuses

Allows you to search for women caucasuses by country, type of caucus,  region, or issues among others.

POWER – Political Women and Executive Representation

This is an international research group dedicated to better understand the presence and recruitment of women in Executive branch.


International Knowledge Network on Women in Politics. Aims to provide resources and information to elected officials, candidates, political leaders and members, students, researchers and others who want to improve the presence of women in politics around the world. Topics covered: Advocacy and Lobbying, Campaigns, Cross-cutting issues, Elections and quotas, Parliament and Representatives, Political Parties, Post-conflict participation, Skill building.

Gender-Focused Parliamentary Institution Network

Research Project at the Australian National University.

From the website: ‘Members of the research network are interested in how these relatively new parliamentary bodies came into being, critical actors involved, linkages with other agencies promoting gender equality and the engagement of women’s civil society organisations. Research includes identifying the characteristics of the different types of gender-focused parliamentary bodies, how they relate to different institutional contexts and how effective they are.’

See also: Gender and Feminism in the Social Sciences: Equity, Excellence and Knowledge in the Disciplines

The National Democratic Institute

From the website: The Institute’s programs help to create an environment where women can advocate on matters of policy, run for political office, be elected, govern effectively, and participate meaningfully in civic life.

The Guardian – Women’s Representation in Politics

Special article for the 2012 International Women’s Day. Includes data and infographics.


Research project located at the University of Antwerpen focusing on the substantive representation of women in advanced democracies. Four separate projects:

  • Project 1.1. Media coverage: signalling the importance of issues
  • Project 1.2. The political agenda setting power of protest
  • Project 1.3. Mass-elite political congruence and responsiveness
  • Project 1.4. The substantive representation of social groups: being and feeling represented


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